AR-BD14 (serv.man3). AR5132 5125 Connectivity Glossary Of Terms - Sharp Copying Equipment Handy Guide

ar-bd14 (serv.man3) handy guide
AR-BD14 (serv.man3)
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Copying Equipment / AR5132 5125 Connectivity Glossary Of Terms

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See Network Cables.
See Network Cables.
See Network Cables.
A common type of printer that is used with Apple Macintosh computers.
A low cost network for linking Apple Macintosh Computers together in order for
them to share their information and resources.  AppleTalk is built in to every Apple
Macintosh operating system software.
Software that performs specific tasks such as word processing, accountancy, desktop
publishing etc.
“ARP” is a DOS command that can be used to remotely set-up an IP Address of a
The Centronics Data Computer Corporation was the original creators of the parallel
port.  Because of this many people still call the parallel port a Centronics port.
A PC that requests information from a File Server.
In CSMA/CA each computer signals its intent to transmit before it actually transmits
data.  In this way computers sense when a collision might occur and may avoid
transmission collisions.  Broadcasting this intent however increases network traffic
and so slows down network performance. For this reason CSMA/CA is not as popular
as CSMA/CD.  Apple Macintosh computers use CSMA/CA when connecting together
with LocalTalk
The method whereby Ethernet and 802.3 stations transmit onto a network.  The
stations monitor the network and if no activity is sensed, begin to transmit.  They
continue to monitor, and should multiple stations have tried to access the cable at
once, they’ll sense a collision, cease transmission, wait a random time and then try
The sequence where the print server removes (Polls) a print job from the print queue
and forwards the print job to the printer.
Pronounced “ee-prom”.  A special type of ROM (Read Only Memory) that can be
erased by high intensity ultraviolet (UV) light and then rewritten, or reprogrammed.
EPROM chips usually contain UV-permeable quartz windows exposing some of the
chips internal components.
A networking specification that first appeared in a modern form in the early 1980’s.
It was developed by Digital, Xerox and Intel. It describes the type of data frame that
can be sent over a network and the methods used to manage data collisions.  It is
similar, but not identical to the IEEE 802.3 specification.
The process by which a piece of equipment behaves like other equipment (Of another
A variant of standard Ethernet cable however Fast Ethernet runs at 100 Mbps rather
than 10 Mbps as with standard Ethernet.
Also known as a server, this is a central computer that supplies services to other PC’s
(Clients) connected to a network.  This term is also used to describe a file server type
of network in which the server only holds data and the processing of the data is done
at each workstation.
Flash Memory is an alternative to using an “EPROM”.  Instead of having a physical
device that must be changed as with an “EPROM”, Flash Memory comes in a data file
format. The file contains the content of the flash memory. The file is downloaded by a
computer to the device, in our case the AR5132.  During the download, the data file is
written into the memory of the device, the flash memory then becomes permanent.
Both the Printer Board and the network card for the AR5132 include a Flash Memory.
A group of bytes sent over a network, including control and address information.
Frame Types determine how packets of network data are formatted on different local
area networks.  Ethernet and Token Ring use different formats of frame type.
A system of sending files across a TCP/IP network.  FTP is part of the TCP/IP
protocol stack and is only available for use when the TCP/IP protocol is loaded.
A Gateway allows different systems to talk to each other. It is a system that transfers
network data between network types, translating the data between the two types as
needed.  Although there is a Gateway setting within the AR5132’s Control Panel
Menu, the network card does not support this function.  Because of this, the Gateway
Address does not need to be set on the copier.
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