Read JBL A6000GTI (serv.man5) User Guide / Operation Manual online
for purchasing a JBL A6000GTi or A3000GTi amplifier.
For warranty support, please register your purchase at www.jbl.com.
Select Car Audio, then click on Support, and then click on Product Registration.
Also, please retain your original purchase receipt and packing crate
in case you must ship your unit back for service.
in an automobile can hinder your
ability to hear traffic and permanently
damage your hearing. We recommend
listening at low or moderate levels
while driving your car. JBL accepts
no liability for hearing loss, bodily injury
or property damage resulting from the
use or misuse of this product.
performance from your JBL A6000GTi or
A3000GTi amplifier, we strongly
recommend that installation be entrust-
ed to a qualified professional. Although
these instructions explain how to install
JBL amplifiers in a
general sense, they do not show
specific installation methods that may
be required for your particular vehicle.
If you do not have the necessary tools
or experience, do not attempt the
installation yourself. Instead, please ask
your authorized JBL car audio dealer
about professional installation.
WARNINGS AND TIPS
• Always wear protective eyewear
start. Disconnect the (–) negative lead
from your vehicle’s battery.
drilling holes or installing screws.
Remember – the screws can extend
behind the surface.
hydraulic brake lines, vacuum lines,
and electrical wiring. Use extreme
caution when cutting or drilling in and
around these areas.
fabric or vinyl to keep material from
snagging in a drill bit.
cables and speaker wires. Use
grommets when passing cables
through the vehicle’s inner walls.
Make sure that each connection
is clean and properly secured. Use
the shortest ground wire possible
to minimize resistance and avoid
and rating as that of the original.
Do not substitute another kind.
amplifiers are big! Conventional mount-
ing locations under driver or passenger
seats will not accommodate either
amplifier. Mount the amplifier in the
vehicle’s trunk or cargo area, but never
mount the amplifier in the engine com-
partment, outside the vehicle or
in any location where it may get wet.
When choosing a location, make sure
the site’s underlying structure is strong
enough to support the amplifier’s
weight and drilled holes for mounting
bolts. Also, verify that there will be ade-
quate ventilation around the amplifier,
so that airflow to its internal fans will
not be blocked and the unit can
properly cool itself.
possible product damage, we strongly
urge you to enlist additional help in
unpacking and moving the
JBL A6000GTi or A3000GTi amplifier
to a desired mounting location.
• Four (4) 1/2" x 3" socket-head cap
a piece of wood or Medium Density
Fiberboard (MDF) to the vehicle, and
then mounting the amplifier to the
board. The amplifier is large and heavy
and must be mounted using all four
screws and T-nuts provided. Using
the amplifier as a template, mark the
location of the mounting holes on the
mounting surface, drill pilot holes, and
securely attach the amplifier to the
mounting surface with the provided
screws and T-nuts. Make sure the
amplifier does not pinch or smash
power cables, speaker wires, input
cables or any of the vehicle’s wiring.
convenient location in or under the
dashboard. The control may be
removed from its housing for custom
installation. Using the enclosed RJ11
cable, connect the control to the
amplifier, as shown in Figure 1.
backing from the adhesive (on the back
of the logo badge) and attach the badge
in the appropriate orientation.
A3000GTi amplifier will drive a system
made up of any subwoofers, we
recommend using JBL GTi subwoofers
with GTi amplifiers.
amplifiers provide RMS power that
exceeds the RMS power-handling
rating of nearly every subwoofer
available. To use this amplifier
optimally, you should design a speaker
system made up of several identical
speakers, so that the power delivered
by the amplifier will be shared equally
among the speakers.
amplifiers support a wide range of
impedances, and any speaker system
with a total or equivalent impedance of
1 to 4 ohms will extract full power from
either amplifier. In order to connect
multiple woofers to the A6000GTi or
A3000GTi, you’ll need to connect your
speakers in series, parallel or series-
parallel. We’ve included diagrams for
each connection scheme and a pair of
formulas, which will help you.
impedance of the two woofers connect-
ed in series is:
speakers. The total impedance of the
voice coils shown in Figure 2 is 8 ohms.
4-ohm voice coils yields a total
impedance of 8 ohms.
equivalent impedance of the voice coils
connected in parallel is:
individual speakers. The equivalent
impedance of the voice coils shown in
Figure 3 is 2 ohms.
4-ohm voice coils yields a total
impedance of 2 ohms.
JBL’s GTi series, may be connected
in series, as shown in Figure 2;
in parallel, as shown in Figure 3; or in
series-parallel, as shown in Figure 4.
of three W15GTi subwoofers (with a
voice coil impedance of 6 ohms) yields
a total series impedance of 12 ohms
for each subwoofer, and an equivalent
parallel impedance of 4 ohms for all
system of three W15GTi (dual voice-
coil) subwoofers connected in series-
parallel, use the series connection
formula to determine the impedance
of each subwoofer with its voice coils
connected in series. Then insert the
calculated value into the parallel
connection formula to determine the
equivalent impedance for the three sub-
woofers connected in parallel.
impedance of 6 ohms.
will have an impedance of 12 ohms, by
in parallel will have an equivalent
impedance of 4 ohms, by
= 12/3 = 4
amplifier in a system must be identical
and, if they are dual voice-coil sub-
woofers, their coils must be wired iden-
tically. Do not connect the coils of one
subwoofer together in series and
another in parallel, since doing so will
cause uneven power distribution,
potential damage to the speakers, and
poor overall performance.
a speaker indicates the amount of
power it will handle continuously.
Although designing a subwoofer
system by considering the RMS rating
will ultimately provide you with the
most reliable system, your speakers
may be able to handle more power,
depending on what kind of music is
(e.g., bass music, hip-hop or techno),
you should design a speaker system
based on the RMS power handling of
your speakers. For music with sharp
transient bass notes (e.g., rock,
country or jazz), the RMS power
handling rating is conservative, and you
can count on your speakers being able
to handle more power than the RMS
amplifier will be divided among the
speakers connected to it. For example,
if you are using an A6000GTi and three
W15GTi subwoofers, each subwoofer
will receive 2,000 watts.
subwoofers that will handle all of the
power. To determine how much total
power your speaker system will
handle, simply multiply the RMS power
handling rating of one of your speakers
by the total number of speakers that
will be connected.
amplifier, you must provide full power to
your amplifier. That’s a basic rule
of physics. The A6000GTi amplifier
can draw nearly 800 amperes when
reproducing sine waves at full output.
Both JBL A6000GTi and A3000GTi ampli-
fiers can quickly exhaust the
factory-installed charging system of
any vehicle on the road today. With this
much available amplifier power, you will
need to beef up your vehicle’s
electrical system to satisfy the
amplifier’s current demands. We
recommend adding at least two
12-volt batteries, connected in
parallel with cold-cranking capacities
of at least 600 amperes each, to the
factory-installed charging system.
vehicle. Running the electrical
accessories is the alternator’s job.
The battery isn’t designed to be a
continuous source of power. It is a
renewable source and is charged by
the alternator when the engine runs.
Battery charging can only occur when
the current demand from the electrical
accessories is less than the total cur-
rent output capacity of the alternator.
AND CURRENT DEMAND
soft sounds, with varying durations
and rhythms that present unique
current demands during amplification.
For example, it may take full power
to reproduce the sound of a kick
drum. The peak power demand doesn’t
last very long, but it is repeated over
the power your amplifier needs on
a continuous basis, it still may be
adequate. During the sound of the
kick drum, the battery can provide
the extra current that’s necessary,
and between kick drum beats, the alter-
nator will put some of the energy back
into the battery.
ing of the alternator, the amplifier’s
maximum output power, the music
content, and the charging system’s
capability, the alternator may not be
able to keep up over time. In that case,
you’ll need to install a somewhat larger
alternator for more current, or adjust
your driving and listening habits, to give
the alternator time to catch up with the
amplifier’s current demand.
current required to reproduce even
short-duration musical peaks. Adding
a pair of batteries with cold-cranking
capacities of 600 amperes will provide
extra current for short music bursts, but
reserve power may still be
depleted over longer music intervals.
Adding more batteries will provide more
reserve power and current, but no mat-
ter how many are installed, the alterna-
tor will still have to recharge them all.
A3000GTi in SPL competition, the charg-
ing system requirements will be much
greater than those for normal music lis-
tening. Be prepared to add additional
batteries and alternators to provide
continuous current required for contin-
dealer for help in designing and
installing an upgraded charging
system to support your GTi amplifier.